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List of quality, automotive and technology related abbreviations
Updated on 03-20-2017

Quality and Automotive Abbreviations

Abbreviations (A - L)
The following list contains generally used abbreviations in the automotive industry and other relevant fields (e.g. IoT, Connected cars, and many more).
Abbreviation list (A - L)
Abbreviation Meaning
Letter A
AAA Attribute Agreement Analysis
AAC Automatic Air Conditioning
AAS Adaptive Air Suspension
ABC Active Body Control
ABS Anti-Lock Braking System
AC Alternating Current
A/C Air Conditioning
ACC Adaptive Cruise Control
Automatic Climate Control
ACEA Association des Constructeurs Européens d'Automobiles (European Automobile Manufacturers' Association)
ADAS Advanced Driver Assistance Systems
ADC Automatic Distance Control
ADS Adaptive Damper System
AI Artificial Intelligence
AIAG Automotive Industry Action Group
ALD Automatic Locking Differential
ANFIA Associazione Nazionale Filiera Industria Automobilistica (Italian Association of the Automotive Industry)
ANOVA Analysis of Variance
ANSI American National Standards Institute
AOI Automatic Optical Inspection
API Application Programming Interface
APQP Advanced Product Quality Planning
APS Acoustic Parking System
AQL Acceptable Quality Limit
AR Augmented Reality
ASQ American Society for Quality
ASR Anti-Slip Regulation
A/T Automatic Transition
ATC Automatic Temperature Control
ASPICE Automotive Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination
AWD All Wheel Drive
Letter B
BAS Brake Assist System
BOM Bill of Material
BPO Business Process Outsourcing
B2B Business to Business
B2C Business to Customer
Letter C
CAD Computer-Aided Design
CAN Controller Area Network
CAPA Corrective and Preventive Actions
CDC Continuous Damping Control
CEN Comité Européen de Normalisation (European Committee for Standardization)
Cg, Cgk Capability - Measurement Capability Indices
CIP Continuous Improvement Process
Cm, Cmk Capability - Machine Capability Indices
CMM Coordinate Measuring Machine
CNC Computer Numerical Control
COGQ Cost of Good Quality
COPQ Cost of Poor Quality
COQ Cost of Quality
CP Control Plan
Cp, Cpk Capability - Process Capability Indices
CPU Central Processing Unit
CQA Customer Quality Assurance
CQE Customer Quality Engineer
CQM Customer Quality Management
CT Computed Tomography
CTD Critical to Delivery
CTP Critical to Process
CTQ Critical to Quality
CSL Controlled Shipping Level
CSR Customer-Specific Requirements
Letter D
DR Direct Current
DF Degrees of Freedom
DFMEA Design Failure Mode- and Effects Analysis
DFSS Design for Six Sigma
DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung (Standards Association of German Industry)
DMAIC Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control
DOE Design of Experiments
DPMO Defects per Million Opportunities
DRBFM Design Review Based on Failure Mode
DRL Daytime Running Lights
DV Design Validation
Letter E
EBD Electronic Brake Force Distribution
ECU Electronic Control Unit
Engine Control Unit
EDL Electronic Differential Lock
EDX Energy Dispersive X-Ray
EEPROM Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EHS Environment, Health and Safety
EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility
EMI Electromagnetic Interference
EOL (test) End of Line
EPB Electronic Parking Brake
ESC Electronic Stability Control
ESP Electronic Stability Program
EV Electric Vehicle
Letter F
FAI First Article Inspection
FMEA Failure Mode- and Effects Analysis
FOR Fall off Rate
FPY First Pass Yield
FTA Failure Tree Analysis
FTY First Time Yield
Letter G
GD & T Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
GPS Global Positioning System
GPU Graphics Processing Unit
GR & R Gage Repeatability & Reproducibility
Letter H
HAST Highly Accelerated Stress Test
HD High Definition
HOQ House of Quality
HP Horse Power
HSE Health, Safety and Environment
HT High Temperature
HUD Head-Up Display
HW Hardware
Letter I
IAQ International Academy for Quality
IATF International Automotive Task Force
IC Integrated Circuit
ICT In-Circuit Test
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IMDS International Material Data System
I/O Input / Output
IOT Internet of Things
IRR Internal Reject Rate
ISIR Initial Sampling Inspection Report
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ITS Intelligent Transport System
Letter J
JAS Jet Air System
JEDEC Joint Electron Device Engineering Council
Letter K
KPI Key Performance Indicator
Letter L
LAL Lower Alarm Limit
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LCL Lower Control Limit
LED Light Emitting Diode
LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging
LL Lessons Learned
LSL Lower Specification Limit
LT Low Temperature
TEST ADVERTISEMENT (for temporary testing purposes, source:
Abbreviations (M - W and numbers)
The following list contains generally used abbreviations in the automotive industry and other relevant fields (e.g. IoT, Connected cars, and many more).
Abbreviation list (M - W and numbers)
Abbreviation Meaning
Letter M
MEMS Micro Electro Mechanical System
MES Manufacturing Execution System
MISRA Motor Industry Software Reliability Association
MPV Multi-Purpose Vehicle
MSA Measurement System Analysis
Letter N
NDC Number of Distinct Categories
NPV Net Present Value
Letter O
OBD Onboard Diagnostics
OEE Overall Equipment Effectiveness
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OHS Occupational Health and Safety
OICA Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d’Automobiles (International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers)
OLED Organic Light Emitting Diode
Letter P
PCB Printed Circuit Board
PDCA Plan, Do, Check, Act
PDP Product Development Process
PDSA Plan, Do, Study, Act
PEP Product Engineering Process
PFC Process Flow Chart
PFD Process Flow Diagram
PFMEA Process Failure Mode- and Effects Analysis
PHEV Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle
PLC Programmable Logic Controller
PLM Product Lifecycle Management
PM Project Management
Project Manager
P/N Part Number
Pp, Ppk Performance - Overall Process Performance Indices
PPAP Production Part Approval Process
PPB Parts per Billion
PPM Parts per Million
PSW Part Submission Warrant
Letter Q
QA Quality Assurance
QAM Quality Assurance Matrix
QC Quality Control
Quality Claim
QCC Quality Control Chart
QFD Quality Function Deployment
QI Quality Improvement
QM Quality Management
QMS Quality Management System
QP Quality Planning
Letter R
RAM Random Access Memory
RASI Responsible, Approval, Support, Information
R & D Research and Development
RDS Radio Data System
RE Resident Engineer
RFI Radio Frequency Interference
RFQ Request for Quotation
ROM Read Only Memory
RPN Risk Priority Number
R @ R Run at Rate
RT Room Temperature
RTY Rolled Throughput Yield
RWD Rear Wheel Drive
Letter S
SAE Society of Automotive Engineering
SAM Scanning Acoustic Microscope
SAT Scanning Acoustic Tomography
SC Special Characteristics
SDK Software Development Kit
SE Simultaneous Engineering
SEM Scanning Electron Microscope
SIPOC Suppliers, Inputs, Processes, Outputs, Customers
SMART Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, Time-bound
SMD Surface Mount Device
SMED Single-Minute Exchange of Die
SMMT Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders
SMT Surface Mount Technology
SOD Start of Delivery
SOP Start of Production
SPC Statistical Process Control
SPICE Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination
SQA Supplier Quality Assurance
SQM Supplier Quality Management
SUV Sport Utility Vehicle
SW Software
Letter T
TCS Traction Control System
TD Turbo Diesel
TDI Turbo Direct Injection
TPMS Tire Pressure Monitoring System
Letter U
UAL Upper Alarm Limit
UCL Upper Control Limit
UI/UX User Interface / User Experience
USL Upper Specification Limit
Letter V
VDA Verband der Automobilindustrie (German Association of the Automotive Industry)
V2I Vehicle-to-Infrastructure
VIN Vehicle Identification Number
VR Virtual Reality
Voltage Regulator
VS Vehicle Sensor
VSD Value Stream Design
VSM Value Stream Mapping
V2V Vehicle-to-Vehicle
V2X Vehicle-to-Everything
Letter W
WS Workshop
WSS Wheel Speed Sensor
Letter X
- -
Letter Y
- -
Letter Z
ZEV Zero Emission Vehicle
Number 2
2D Two Dimensional
Number 3
3D Three Dimensional
Number 5
5M Man, Machine, Method, Material, Milieu (Environment)
Number 7
7M Man, Machine, Method, Material, Milieu (Environment), Measurement, Management
Number 8
8D Eight Disciplines
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